1. Two days after delivery, a postpartum client preparesfor discharge. Whatshould the nurse teach

her about lochia flow?

Incorrect: Lochia does change color but goes from lochia rubra (bright red) on days 1-3, to lochia

serosa (pinkish brown) on days 4-9, to lochia alba (creamy white) days 10-21.

Incorrect: Numerous clots are abnormal and should be reported to the physician.

Incorrect: Saturation of the perineal pad is considered abnormal and may indicate postpartum


Correct: Lochia normally lastsfor about 21 days, and changesfrom a bright red, topinkish brown,

to creamy white.

The color of the lochia changes from a bright red to white after four days

Numerous large clots are normal for the next three to four days

Saturation of the perineal pad with blood is expected when getting up from the bed

Lochia should last for about 3 weeks, changing color every few days

2. A nurse monitors fetal well-being by means of an external monitor. At the peak of the

contractions, the fetal heart rate hasrepeatedly dropped 30 beats/min below the baseline. Late

decelerations are suspected and the nurse notifies the physician. Which is the rationale for this


Incorrect: A nuchal cord (cord around the neck) is associated with variable decelerations, not late


Incorrect: Variable decelerations(notlate decelerations) are associated with cord compression.

Incorrect: Late decelerations are a result of hypoxia. They are not reflective of the strength of

maternal contractions.

Correct: Late decelerations are associated with uteroplacental insufficiency and are a signof fetal

hypoxia. Repeated late decelerations indicate fetal distress.

The umbilical cord is wrapped tightly around the fetus' neck

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