All chapters 

Chapter 1 Making the Case for Evidence-Based

Practice and Cultivating a Spirit of Inquiry 

Page 1

1. In the hospital where Nurse L. provides care, tradition dictates that oral temperatures be

included in every set of patient vital signs, regardless of patient diagnosis or acuity. This

is most likely an example of which of the following phenomena?

A) The prioritization of internal evidence over external evidence

B) Practice that lacks evidence to support its application

C) The integration of personal expertise into nursing care

D) Evidence-based practice

2. The clinical nurse educator (CNE) on a postsurgical unit has recently completed a

patient chart review after the implementation of a pilot program aimed at promoting

early ambulation following surgery. Which of the following components of EBP is the

nurse putting into practice?

A) Patient preferences

B) Research utilization

C) Experience

D) Internal evidence

3. Nurse R. has observed that reorienting demented patients as frequently as possible tends

to minimize the patients' level of agitation in the evening. The nurse has shared this

observation with a colleague, who is skeptical, stating that, “It's best to stick to

evidence-based practice.” How can Nurse R. best respond?

A) “EBP can include clinicians' personal expertise.”

B) “Personal experience is often more sound than formal evidence-based practice.”

C) “Traditional practice and EBP are usually shown to be the same.”

D) “My years of experience can be just as valuable as any literature review or

randomized trial.”

4. Which of the following factors provides the most important rationale for the consistent

implementation of EBP?

A) EBP provides for the most cost-effective patient care.

B) EBP is accessible to all healthcare clinicians.

C) EBP provides consistency in care across healthcare settings.

D) EBP improves patient outcomes.


Page 2

5. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine has been

established to address EBP. Which of the following issues is the Roundtable


A) Ensuring that external evidence, rather than internal evidence, is integrated into


B) Fostering the level of learning that exists in the American healthcare system

C) Issuing clinical guidelines to ensure best nursing practice

D) Comparing the implementation of EBP in the United States with that of other

Western countries

6. You have become frustrated with some aspects of patient care that you believe are

outdated and ineffective at the long-term care facility where you have recently begun

practicing. Consequently, you have resolved to examine some of these practices in light

of evidence. Which of the following should occur first in the steps of EBP?

A) Conducting an electronic search of the literature and ranking individual sources

B) Creating “buy-in” from the other clinicians who provide care at the facility

C) Developing an inquisitive and curious mindset

D) Assessing whether the practices in question may, in fact, be evidence-based

7. Which of the following clinical questions best exemplifies the PICOT format?

A) What effect does parents' smoking have on the smoking habits of their children,

ages 13 to 16?

B) Among cancer patients, what role does meditation, rather than benzodiazepines,

have on anxiety levels during the 7 days following hospital admission?

C) Among undergraduate college students, what is the effectiveness of a sexual health

campaign undertaken during the first 4 weeks of the fall semester as measured by

incidence of new gonorrheal and chlamydial infections reported to the campus

medical center?

D) In patients aged 8 to 12, is the effectiveness of a pain scale using faces superior to a

numeric rating scale in the emergency room context?

8. After formulating a clinical question, a nurse has proceeded to search for evidence for

ways to foster restful sleep in patients who are receiving care in the intensive care unit

(ICU). The nurse has identified a relevant meta-analysis in an electronic database. What

will this source of evidence consist of?

A) A statistical summary of the results from several different studies

B) An examination of the theoretical and conceptual underpinnings of the issue

C) An interdisciplinary analysis of the clinical question

D) A qualitative study of different interventions related to the clinical question


Page 3

9. The nurses on a postpartum unit have noted that many primiparous (first-time) mothers

are giving up on breastfeeding within the 24 hours following delivery, and the nurses

want to create uniform guidelines for promoting breastfeeding on the unit. Which of the

following sources is most likely to provide the best evidence in their quest for an


A) Evidence from a randomized control trial that had more than 2500 participants

B) Evidence from a study that is widely regarded as a classic within the obstetrical

nursing community

C) Evidence from a systematic review of breastfeeding-promotion studies that one of

the nurses identified in an electronic database

D) The consensus opinion of the most senior nurses on the unit

10. The nurse educator on an acute medicine unit is advocating for the use of

evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on wound care in order to standardize and

optimize the practice of the nurses on the unit. Which of the following statements best

describes clinical practice guidelines?

A) The result of replication studies of existing research by an impartial third party

B) A collection of authorized interventions that are required by law

C) A number of interventions that are the result of a large, publically-funded RCT

D) A group of practice recommendations that result from a rigorous review of the


11. A nurse is conducting a literature review on the evidence regarding the use of vacuum

dressings on stage IV pressure ulcers. After locating a recent study that appears to be

relevant, which of the following questions would the nurse consider first when critically

appraising the study?

A) “Are the findings of this study cost-effective in our clinical context?”

B) "How would the implementation of this intervention affect our staffing needs?"

C) “Were the patients in the study similar to the patients on my unit?”

D) “Are the findings of the study significantly different from what we are currently

doing on the unit?

12. The primary care provider of a 49-year-old male patient has examined and briefly

explained the evidence that supports beginning regular digital-rectal exams. Which of

the following factors would justify not performing digital-rectal examinations in this

patient's care?

A) The patient is vehemently opposed to undergoing a digital-rectal exam.

B) Clinical practice guidelines for prostate care have not been published.

C) The clinician has been unable to find any large RCTs in a literature review.

D) The clinician has previously waited until patients are 55 to begin regular

digital-rectal exams.


Page 4

13. The implementation of a new, evidence-based infection-control regimen in a community

hospital has resulted in a significant reduction in the incidence of nosocomial

(hospital-acquired) infections. What should constitute the final step in the nurses'

evidence-based practice?

A) Calculating the cost-savings that will be realized by using the new regimen

B) Sharing their experience with other healthcare professionals

C) Implementing enforcement measures to ensure compliance with the new regimen

D) Conducting a meta-analysis of other infection-control measures

14. Frustrated by the lack of follow-up provided to patients who are newly diagnosed with

type 2 diabetes, a community health nurse has begun the process of identifying evidence

for the best interventions for this patient population. Which of the following factors is

most likely to promote the use of EBP in this nurse's workplace?

A) Bringing in nurses who have been educated at a baccalaureate (bachelor's degree)


B) Increasing nurses' accountability for patient outcomes

C) Increased funding

D) Support from the practice leaders and administration

15. In the process of advocating for EBP in the unit guidelines around the management of

increased intracranial pressure, a nurse has met with skepticism from other members of

the nursing staff, with several stating, “Evidence-based practice is good in theory, but

it's almost impossible to actually search hundreds of journals and find the evidence.”

What could the nurse recommend?

A) Self-reflection on the nurses' current practices

B) Accessing the Cochrane Library

C) Contacting the clinical nurse educator on the unit

D) Beginning with lay publications before progressing to peer-reviewed journals


No comments found.
Login to post a comment
This item has not received any review yet.
Login to review this item
No Questions / Answers added yet.
Version 2021
Category TEST BANK
Authors qwivy.com
Pages 140
Language English
Comments 0
Sales 0
Recently viewed items

We use cookies to understand how you use our website and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, please click Here. By continuing to use our website, you accept our use of cookies, Privacy policy and terms & conditions.