TEST BANK FOR HEALTH PROMOTION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE SPAN 9TH EDITION BY EDELMAN

Chapter i01:iHealthiDefined:iObjectivesiforiPromotioniand iPreventioniEdelman:iHealthiPromotioniThroughoutithe iLife iSpan, i8thiEdition MULTIPLEiCHOICE 1. Which imodeliofihealth iisimostilikelyiused ibyia ipersoniwho idoesinotibelieve iin ipreventive ihealth icare? a. Clinicalimodel b. Role iperformance imodel c. Adaptive imodel d. Eudaimonistic imodel ANS: iA The iclinicalimodeliofihealth iviewsithe iabsence iofisignsiand isymptomsiofidisease iasiindicative iofihealth. iPeopleiwho iuse ithisimodel iwait iuntilithey iare iveryisick ito iseek icare. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i3 2. Aiperson iwith ichronic iback ipain iisicared iforibyiheriprimary icare iprovideriasiwellias ireceivesiacupuncture. iWhich imodeliofihealth idoesithisiperson ilikelyifavor? a. Clinicalimodel b. Role iperformance imodel c. Adaptive imodel d. Eudaimonistic imodel ANS: iD The ieudaimonistic imodeliembodiesithe iinteraction iand iinterrelationshipsiamong iphysical, isocial, ipsychological, iand ispiritualiaspectsiofilife iand ithe ienvironmentiin igoaliattainmentiand icreating imeaning iin ilife. iPractitioners iwho ipractice ithe iclinicalimodelimayinotibe ienough iforisomeone iwho ibelievesiin ithe ieudaimonistic imodel. iThoseiwho ibelieve iin ithe ieudaimonistic imodelioften ilook iforialternative iprovidersioficare. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i3 3. Aistate iofiphysical, imental, ispiritual, iand isocialifunctioningithatirealizesiaiperson’sipotentialiand iisiexperienced iwithin ia idevelopmentalicontext iisiknown ias: a. growthiand idevelopment. b. health. c. functioning. d. high-leveliwellness. ANS: iB Healthiisidefined iasia istateiofiphysical, imental, ispiritual, iandisocialifunctioningithatirealizesia iperson’s ipotentialiand iisiexperienced iwithin ia idevelopmentalicontext. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i5 4. Whichiofithe ifollowingibestidescribesia iclientiwho ihasian iillness? a. Someone iwho ihasiwell-controlled idiabetes b. Someone iwithihypercholesterolemia c. Someone iwithia iheadache d. Someone iwithicoronaryiarteryidisease iwithoutiangina iANS: iC Someone iwith ia iheadache irepresentsia iperson iwith ian iillness. iAn iillnessiisimade iup iofithe isubjective iexperience iofithe iindividualiand ithe iphysicalimanifestation iofidisease. iItican ibe idescribed iasia iresponse icharacterized ibyia imismatch ibetweenia iperson’sineedsiand itheiresourcesiavailable itoimeetithose ineeds. iAipersonicanihave ia idiseaseiwithoutifeeling iill. iThe iotherichoicesirepresentidisease. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iAnalyze i(Analysis) REF: p. i6 5. WhichiUSireportiisiconsidered iailandmark idocumentiinicreating ia iglobaliapproachitoihealth? a. The i1990iHealthiObjectivesiforithe iNation:iAiMidcourse iReview b. Healthy iPeople i2020 c. Healthy iPeople i2000 d. The iU.S. iSurgeon iGeneraliReport ANS: iC Healthy iPeople i2000 iand iitsiMidcourse iReviewiand i1995 iRevisionsiwere ilandmark idocumentsiin iwhich ia iconsortiumiofipeople irepresentinginationaliorganizationsiworked iwithiUSiPubliciHealthiService iofficials itoicreate iaimore iglobal iapproach ito ihealth. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i6 6. Whichiofithe ifollowingirepresentsia imethod iofiprimaryiprevention? a. Informationalisessioniaboutihealthyilifestyles b. Bloodipressure iscreening c. Interventionalicardiac icatheterization d. Diagnostic icardiac icatheterization ANS: iA Primaryipreventioniprecedesidisease ioridysfunction. iItiincludesihealthipromotioniand ispecific iprotection iandiencouragesiincreased iawareness;ithus, ieducation iaboutihealthyilifestylesifitsithisidefinition. iBlood ipressure iscreening idoesinotiprevent idisease, ibutiinstead iidentifiesiit. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i11 7. Whichiofithe ifollowingirepresentsia imethod iofisecondaryiprevention? a. Self–breastiexaminationieducation b. Yearlyimammograms c. Chemotherapyiforiadvanced ibreasticancer d. Complete imastectomyiforibreasticancer ANS: iB Screening iisisecondaryipreventionibecause ithe iprincipaligoaliofiscreeningsiisitoiidentifyiindividualsiinian iearly,idetectable istage iofitheidiseaseiprocess. iAimammogramiisia iscreening itooliforibreasticanceriand ithusiis iconsidered iaimethod iofisecondary iprevention. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i15 8. Whichiofithe ifollowingirepresentsia imethod iofitertiaryiprevention? a. Drunkidriving icampaign b. Road iblocksiforidrunk idriving c. Emergencyisurgeryiforihead itrauma iafteria imotorivehicle iaccident d. Physicaliand ioccupational itherapyiafteria imotorivehicle iaccidentiwith iheaditrauma iANS: i D Physical itherapy iand ioccupational itherapy iare iconsidered itertiary iprevention. iTertiary iprevention ioccursiwhen iaidefect ior idisability iis ipermanent iand iirreversible. iIt iinvolvesiminimizing ithe ieffect iof idisease iand idisability. iTheiobjective iofitertiary iprevention iisito imaximize iremaining icapacities. DIF:i i i i Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i15 9. Inireviewingia iperson’simedicaliclaims, iainurse irealizesithatitheiindividualiwithimoderate ipersistentiasthma ihasihad iseveraliemergencyidepartmentivisitsiand iisinotion iinhaled isteroidsiasirecommended ibyithe iNHLBI iasthma imanagementiguidelines. iThe inurse idiscussesithisiwithithe iperson’siprimaryicare iprovider. iIn ithis iscenario, ithe inurse iisiacting iasia(n): a. advocate. b. careimanager. c. consultant. d. educator. ANS: iB Care imanagers iact i to iprevent iduplication iof iservice iand ireduce icost. iCare imanagers ibase irecommendationion ireliable idata isourcesisuch iasievidence-based ipracticesiand iprotocols. DIF:i i i i Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i15 10. Duringia ihome ivisit, iainurse iassistsian iindividualito icomplete ianiapplicationiforidisabilityiservices. iThe inurseisiacting iasia(n): a. advocate. b. careimanager. c. consultant. d. educator. ANS: iA The iadvocacy irole iof ithe inurse ihelps iindividuals iobtain iwhat ithey iare ientitled ito ireceive ifrom ithe ihealth icare isystem, itries ito imake ithe isystem imore iresponsive ito iindividuals’ icommunity ineeds, iand iassists iindividualsiinideveloping iskillsito iadvocate iforithemselves. DIF:i i i i Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i15 11. During ia ihome ivisit, ia inurse idiscussesithe idangersiofismoking iwithian iindividual. iIn ithisiscenario ithe inurseisiacting iasia(n): a. advocate. b. careimanager. c. consultant. d. educator. ANS: iD Health ieducation iis ia iprimary iprevention itechnique iavailable ito iavoid imajor icauses iof idisease. iTeaching icanirange ifromia ichance iremark ito iaiplanned ilesson. DIF:i i i i Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i16 12. Ainurse iisiasked ito iprovide ian iexpertiopinion iaboutithe idevelopmentiofian ieducation iprogram iforinewlyidiagnosed idiabetics. iIn ithisiscenario, ithe inurse iisiacting iasia(n): a. advocate. b. careimanager. c. consultant. d. educator. ANS: iC Nursesiwith ia ispecialized iarea iofiexpertise iprovide ieducation iaboutihealth ipromotion iand idisease iprevention itoindividualsiand igroupsiasiconsultants. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i16 13. Ainurse iisiplanning ito ideliverian ieducationaliprogramito iindividualsiwith idiabetes. iWhich iof itheifollowing ishould ibe ithe iinitialiactionitaken ibyithe inurse ito iensure ithe isuccessiofithe iprogram? a. Assessithe imotivationileveliofithe iindividuals b. Assessithe iknowledge ileveliofithe iindividuals c. Establishiteacher-learnerigoalsiwithitheiindividuals d. Establishimultiple iteachingisessionsiwithithe iindividuals ANS: iB Selectioniofitheimethodsimostilikelyito isucceed iinvolvesithe iestablishmentiofiteacher-learnerigoals. iThus, itheifirstistep ibyithe inurse ishould ibeiestablishmentiofigoals. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iAnalyze i(Analysis) REF: p. i16 14. The iconscientious, iexplicit, iand ijudiciousiuse ioficurrentibestievidence iin imaking idecisionsiaboutithe icareiofiindividualsiisiknown ias: a. health-related iqualityiofilife. b. evidence-basedipractice. c. a iHealthy iPeople i2010 igoal. d. the iecologicalimodeliofihealth. ANS: iB Evidence-based ipractice iisidefined iasithe iconscientious, iexplicit, iand ijudiciousiuse ioficurrentibestievidence iinimaking idecisionsiaboutithe icare iofiindividuals. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i16 15. Which iresearch imethodologyishould ibe iused ito iaddressithe iquestion, i“Whatiisithe idifference iin ithe iinfection iratesibetween iindividualsiwho ireceive itwice-a-day idressing ichangesiversusionce-a-day idressingichanges?” a. Evidence-based ipracticeiresearch b. Qualitative iresearch c. Quantitative iresearch d. Clinicalijudgmentiresearch ANS: iC Quantitative iresearch istudiesidescribe isituations, icorrelate idifferentivariablesirelated ito icare, ioritesticausal irelationshipsiamongivariablesirelateditoicare. iEvidence-based ipractice iresearchiand iclinicalijudgment iresearchiare inotiresearch imethodologies; itheyiare iused ito ianswericlinicaliquestions. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i16 16. The iquestion, i“Whatiisithe iexperience iofiteenagersiwho ilose ia isibling ito icancer?” ican ibestibe ianswered ibyiusing iwhich iresearch imethodology? a. Evidence-based ipracticeiresearch b. Qualitative iresearch c. Quantitative iresearch d. Clinicalijudgment iresearchiANS: iB Qualitative iresearch istudiesidescribe iphenomena ioridefine ithe ihistoricalinature, iculturalirelevance, ior iphilosophicalibasisiofiaspectsiofinursingicare. iEvidence-based ipractice iresearchiandiclinicalijudgment iresearchiare inotiresearch imethodologies; itheyiare iused ito ianswericlinicaliquestions. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i16 17. Ainurse iwho iusesifindingsifromia irandomized, icontrolled itrialion ithe icare iofiFoley icathetersito ichange ipractice iatian iinstitution iisipracticing: a. evidence-basedimedicine. b. qualitative iresearch. c. quantitative iresearch. d. clinicalijudgment. ANS: iA Theipractice iofievidence-based imedicine imeansiintegratingiindividualiclinicaliexpertise iwithithe ibest iavailableiexternaliclinicalievidence ifromisystematic iresearch. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iApplyi(Application) REF: p. i16 18. Whichiofithe ifollowing iisimostiinfluenced ibyithe isocialiand ieconomic ienvironmentiofiaicommunity? a. Socialihealthipolicies b. Qualityioficare c. Evidence-based ipractice d. Practice iguidelines ANS: iA Socialipoliciesiconcerning ihealth iare iinfluenced ibyithe isocialiand ieconomic ienvironment iofia ipopulation. iAnalysisiofipopulationitrendsiand iprojectionsiisinecessaryito ihelp ihealth iprofessionalsidetermine ichanging ineeds. DIF: Cognitive iLevel:iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i17 19. Aimajoricause iofideathiinithe iearlyitwentieth icenturyiwas: a. cancer. b. cerebrovascularidisease. c. heartidisease. d. infections. ANS: iD Infectionsiand iacute idisease iwere ithe imajoricausesiofideathiinithe iearlyipartiofithe itwentieth icentury.iDIF: Cognitive iLevel: iRememberi(Knowledge) REF: p. i17

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Category TEST BANK
Release date 2021-09-15
Latest update 2021-09-30
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