Kaplan and Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry 11th Edition Sadock Test Bank


Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry 11th edition


Chapter 1: Neural Sciences

Test Bank


1. A patient with depression mentions to the nurse, My mother says depression is a chemical

disorder. What does she mean? The nurses response is based on the theory that depression

primarily involves which of the following neurotransmitters?

a. Cortisol and GABA

b. COMT and glutamate

c. Monamine and glycine

d. Serotonin and norepinephrine


One possible cause of depression is thought to involve one or more neurotransmitters. Serotonin

and norepinephrine have been found to be important in the regulation of depression. There is no

research to support that the other options play a significant role in the development of


2. A patient has experienced a stroke (cerebral vascular accident) that has resulted in damage to

the Broca area. Which evaluation does the nurse conduct to reinforce this diagnosis?

a. Observing the patient pick up a spoon

b. Asking the patient to recite the alphabet

c. Monitoring the patients blood pressure

d. Comparing the patients grip strength in both hands




 1 / 4


Accidents or strokes that damage Brocas area may result in the inability to speak (i.e., motor

aphasia). Fine motor skills, blood pressure control, and muscle strength are not controlled by the

Broca area of the left frontal lobe.

3. The patient diagnosed with schizophrenia asks why psychotropic medications are always

prescribed by the doctor. The nurses answer will be based on information that the therapeutic

action of psychotropic drugs is the result of their effect on:

a. The temporal lobe; especially Wernickes area

b. Dendrites and their ability to transmit electrical impulses

c. The regulation of neurotransmitters especially dopamine

d. The peripheral nervous system sensitivity to the psychotropic medications


Medications used to treat psychiatric disorders operate in and around the synaptic cleft and have

action at the neurotransmitter level, especially in the case of schizophrenia, on dopamine. The

Wernickes area, dendrite function, or the sensitivity of the peripheral nervous system are not

relevant to either schizophrenia or psychotropic medications.

4. A student nurse mutters that it seems entirely unnecessary to have to struggle with

understanding the anatomy and physiology of the neurologic system. The mentor would base a

response on the understanding that it is:

a. Necessary but generally for psychiatric nurses who focus primarily on

behavioral interventions

b. A complex undertaking that advance practice psychiatric nurses frequently use

in their practice

c. Important primarily for the nursing assessment of patients with brain

traumacaused cognitive symptoms

d. Necessary for planning psychiatric care for all patients especially those

experiencing psychiatric disorders




 2 / 4


Nurses must understand that many symptoms of psychiatric disorders have a neurologic basis,

although the symptoms are manifested behaviorally. This understanding facilitates effective care

planning. The foundation of knowledge is not used exclusively by advanced practice psychiatric

nurses nor is it relevant for only behavior therapies or brain trauma since dealing with the results

of normal and abnormal brain function is a responsibility of all nurses providing all types of care

to the psychiatric patient.

5. A patient asks the nurse, My wife has breast cancer. Could it be caused by her chronic

depression? Which response is supported by research data?

a. Too much stress has been proven to cause all kinds of cancer.

b. There have been no research studies done on stress and disease yet.

c. Stress does cause the release of factors that suppress the immune system.

d. There appears to be little connection between stress and diseases of the body


Research indicates that stress causes a release of corticotropin-releasing factors that suppress the

immune system. Studies indicate that psychiatric disorders such as mood disorders are

sometimes associated with decreased functioning of the immune system. Research does not

support a connection between many cancers and stress. There is a significant amount of research

about stress and the body. Research has shown that there are some connections between stress

and physical disease.

6. A patient who has a parietal lobe injury is being evaluated for psychiatric rehabilitation needs.

Of the aspects of functioning listed, which will the nurse identify as a focus of nursing


a. Expression of emotion

b. Detecting auditory stimuli

c. Receiving visual images

d. Processing associations



 3 / 4



The parietal lobe is responsible for associating and processing sensory information that allows

for functions such as following directions on a map, reading a clock, dressing self, keeping

appointments, and distinguishing right from left. Emotional expression is associated with frontal

lobe function. Detecting auditory stimuli is a temporal lobe function. Receiving visual images is

related to occipital lobe function.

MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity

7. At admission, the nurse learns that some time ago the patient had an infarct in the right

cerebral cortex. During assessment, the nurse would expect to find that the patient:

a. Demonstrates major deficiencies in speech

b. Is unable to effectively hold a spoon in the left hand

c. Has difficulty explaining how to go about using the telephone

d. Cannot use his right hand to shave himself or comb his own hair


The cerebral hemispheres are responsible for functions such as control of muscles. The right

hemisphere mainly controls the motor and sensory functions on the left side of the body. Damage

to the right side would result in impaired function on the left side of the body. The motor cortex

controls voluntary motor activity. Brocas area controls motor speech. Cognitive functions are

attributed to the association cortex. The right side of the bodys motor activity is controlled by the

left cerebral cortex.

8. A patient with chronic schizophrenia had a stroke involving the hippocampus. The patient will

be discharged on low doses of haloperidol. The nurse will need to individualize the patients

medication teaching by:

a. Including the patients caregiver in the education

b. Being careful to stress the importance of taking the medication as prescribed



Powered by qwivy(www.qwivy.org)

 4 / 4

No comments found.
Login to post a comment
This item has not received any review yet.
Login to review this item
No Questions / Answers added yet.
Category TEST BANK
Pages 334
Language English
Comments 0
Sales 0
Recently viewed items

We use cookies to understand how you use our website and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, please click Here. By continuing to use our website, you accept our use of cookies, Privacy policy and terms & conditions.